Google Hacking

Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT)

Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT) is derived from public information. OSINT is not limited to online searches and can be used to focus efforts on a specific area of interest. Watch out for information overload.

Search Engines

When performing OSINT, do not limit yourself to only one search engine. There are different algorithms which means different results.

Some common search engines include:

  • Google
  • Bing
  • Duck Duck Go
  • Shodan
  • Google Hacking Database

Google Hacking

Google hacking is also known as Google dorking or Google-Fu. Google hacking is a technique using Google to search and find security holes using advanced Google search operators.

Google Hacking Examples

Exact phrase

"private marketing material"

Specific site

Specific title


Specific file extension


Specific file type


Specific string in the URL


Text that must be included


One or the other

marketing OR purchasing

Number range

2000..2025 marketing

Include and exclude a word

+marketing -sales

Search Google’s cached pages for a site (trying to be stealthy)

Specific site excluding the "www" subdomain

Search for marketing PDF files filetype:pdf allintitle:marketing

Search for directory listings

intitle:index.of "parent directory"

Search for a directory listing that may be vulnerable to directory traversal up to the admin directory

intitle:index.of inurl:"/admin/*"

Find public web cameras


Google Hacking Database

The Google Hacking Database (GHDB) is an index of search queries (dorks) used to find public information. It is intended for penetration testers and security researchers.

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